How to Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without a Power Adapter

One of the things that the Coronavirus induced lockdown has made me appreciate is the advantages of a big monitor on your home office desk. That, and a laptop that actually has an HDMI port for it. If you’re a Mac user like I am, stuck at home trying to work on an external monitor with your laptop, chances are you don’t want to have your laptop’s screen shining on the periphery of your vision. That’s very distracting. So you probably want to close the lid of your laptop and use the external display as the main monitor, right. Plus you wanna do that without connecting a power adapter all the time. So here’s how you can use a MacBook in clamshell mode without a power adapter.

Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without a Power Adapter

Why Do MacBooks Not Support This by Default?

Why do we need an entire article on how to do this? Well, turns out, Apple will not let you do that unless you have a power adapter connected to your MacBook. Take a look at the company’s official help document about this. Now when I was getting started with this whole set up, I took Apple’s word for it and kept using my MacBook with the charger connected to it at all times, knowing full well that it will destroy my battery’s health. It did just that, and my battery doesn’t charge anymore. Now I’m stuck using my laptop as a glorified desktop, and with an impossibly throttled CPU to boot.

Fortunately for you, this made me look for ways to use a MacBook in clamshell mode without keeping the charger always connected to it, and I found the solution.

MacBooks handle power in ways that are not very obvious. You know, unless you do what I did and lose yourself in forum discussions talking about the ‘hibernatemode’ command and the various power states of a MacBook. I’ll give you the long and the short of it.

Basically, when you close the lid of your MacBook, it sleeps. That means it stops giving power to external displays, drives, even the ethernet port (if it has one). Now a user normally expects the laptop to be intelligent enough to know that an external display is connected to it. That obviously means I want to use it as a primary screen. But, our overlord Apple knows what we want better than we do, and doesn’t allow this particular set up to work.

There are a bunch of terminal commands you can use to disable sleep, and we will discuss those in a later section, but chances are you don’t want to mess with terminal commands and a simple one-click solution is really all you’re looking for.

Save Mac Battery by Using It in Clamshell Mode without Power Adapter

Now that we know that the issue is that the MacBook goes to sleep on closing the lid even if we have an external display connected to it, the solution is simple. We need to prevent that sleep from happening. But you can’t just use a simple Caffeine-type app to solve this problem. That’s because the hall sensor on your MacBook detects when the lid is closed and just puts it to sleep regardless of everything else.

Using a Third Party App

You must have heard of the app ‘Amphetamine’ which is a hugely popular Mac app that controls sleep states for the Mac based on triggers and what not. While the app originally did not have the capability to solve our problem, it has since been updated and actually can help us get out of this pickle.

  • For starters, head over to the Mac App Store and download Amphetamine (Free).

How to Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without a Power Adapter

  • Launch the app, and you will be greeted with a screen like this one. Click ‘Next‘ and follow the instructions.

set up amphetamine mac

  • Now, click on the Amphetamine icon in the menu bar.

How to Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without a Power Adapter

  • Head over to ‘Quick Preferences’ and uncheck the box next to ‘Allow system sleep when display is closed’.

amphetamine disable mac sleep on lid close

  • You will see a warning pop-up suggesting that you install Amphetamine Enhancer. This is optional, but recommended. You can simply click on the button that says ‘Get Amphetamine Enhancer’ to head over to the website and download the helper app. Alternatively, just click here to download it.amphetamine helper pop up
  • Install the helper and launch it. Select ‘Closed-Display Mode Fail-Safe’ from the sidebar and click on ‘Install’.

How to Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without a Power Adapter

  • Once again, click on the Amphetamine icon in the menu bar. Ensure that you have unchecked the box next to ‘Allow system sleep when display is closed‘.

How to Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without a Power Adapter

That’s it, you can now use your MacBook in clamshell mode without having to connect your AC power adapter to it.

Using Terminal Commands

If you don’t want to use a third party app to get this done, or you just want to play around with Terminal commands and figure things out for yourself, there are some commands that can achieve similar results.

Note: I have not tested these commands because Apple recommends not changing the hibernatemode using the pmset command, and these commands do just that. However, these commands will disable your laptop’s sleep on lid-close trigger, so they should also solve the problem of being unable to use your laptop in clamshell mode without the power adapter. That said, use them at your own risk.

With that warning out of the way, here’s what you need to do.

  • First, launch terminal and run the following command to see your default ‘hibernatemode’ setting. Make sure you note this down.
pmset -g | grep hibernatemode
  • Now, run the following commands in the terminal.
sudo pmset -a sleep 0
sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 0
sudo pmset -a disablesleep 1

These commands will disable sleep on your MacBook, and you should be able to use your Mac in clamshell mode without an AC adapter connected.

You can always revert the changes by running the following commands in the terminal

sudo pmset -a sleep 1
sudo pmset -a hibernatemode <original hibernatemode value | usually 3 on a MacBook>
sudo pmset -a disablesleep 0

Use MacBook in Clamshell Mode without AC Adapter, and Save Your Battery Health

I may have knowingly caused my MacBook Pro’s battery to become completely unusable to the point where it doesn’t even charge anymore, but you don’t have to follow in my footsteps. Now that you know how you can use an external display with your MacBook and not have to keep an adapter connected to it all the time, go ahead and set up your work from home desk with your brand new monitor and enjoy working on a bigger screen with more real estate. Oh, and whatever you do, don’t take Apple’s word on things like this. Meanwhile, I’ll go and try to figure out if I should buy the M1 MacBook Air or the M1 MacBook Pro.

comment Comments 46
  • Raunaq Seth says:

    Unable to revert the configuration
    sudo pmset -b hibernatemode 3 doesnt seems to have any change
    raunaqseth@Raunaqs-MBP ~ % pmset -g | grep hibernatemode
    hibernatemode 0
    raunaqseth@Raunaqs-MBP ~ % sudo pmset -b hibernatemode 3
    raunaqseth@Raunaqs-MBP ~ % pmset -g | grep hibernatemode
    hibernatemode 0
    raunaqseth@Raunaqs-MBP ~ % sudo pmset -b hibernatemode 25
    raunaqseth@Raunaqs-MBP ~ % pmset -g | grep hibernatemode
    hibernatemode 0
    raunaqseth@Raunaqs-MBP ~ %

  • Samyak says:

    I don’t think it is a good solution as none of them is detecting the external monitor.
    The laptop should indeed sleep when not connected to external monitor

  • Vic says:

    The terminal commands got the job done. I can now use an external monitor with the MacBook running on battery. Thanks.

  • Javi says:

    Hi! I come form a linux laptop and this was a must for me with my new MacBook. Amphetamine doesn’t work on m2 MacBook Air as for now (September 2022). I created 2 aliases on my .zshrc for enabling and disabling hibernation when I want to work on clamshell mode (with the full 3 commands united by ‘&&’ to make it one line of code), and now I just go to the terminal and type SleepOff and start working, or sleepOn to restore the default hibernation profile.

    Thank you so much for the tutorial! The command part of it may be more for us developer audience but I suggest everyone tries to do it this way if Amphetamine doesn’t work, ask me if you have any questions!

    • codden says:

      YOU RULE, DUDE!! This is the way.

  • G says:

    So the only thing in this article that I needed to do was:

    pmset -a disablesleep 1

    And that did the trick. Not sure if the others are necessary in some cases and not others, but a one-liner is the way to go if possible. Also makes it an easy rollback, just set disablesleep back to 0. Running macOS 12.5.

  • Marco says:

    I found another app called “AlDente” which allows you to keep your battery at 60% while having the power adapter connected all the time. This way you won’t even waste charging cycles.

  • aryan says:

    DON’T DO THIS IT WILL HARM YOUR SSD LIFE as it will always keep running ( even at the time when you are not using your laptop) , just PLACE A SHEET OF PAPER between the laptop covering the camera module to emulate the same behaviour

    • Reese says:

      What does happen when placing a piece of paper right there? Care to elaborate? I do not get this advice as of now.

    • Marco says:

      This is complete bullshit. Having an SSD powered while not using it does not damage it. If is has any effect at all, it gives the flash controller time to rearrange data for wear leveling, which extends the SSDs life.

  • Aryan kumar says:

    So technically the MacBook won’t sleep, so will the battery drain overnight when i’m not using it ?

  • big_poppa says:

    Important to note that you have to START A SESSION for that to work, thanks great article

    • Sarah says:

      Thank you so much for commenting this. Seems so simple, yet of course it’s easily missed. Thanks again

  • Tim says:

    I am in the process of setting up the Amphetamine solution.
    Does my MacBook still go to sleep if don’t deactivate the session but take it off the external display?

  • Maria says:

    Thank you soooo much for the article! I used the terminal commands and now my Macbook pro works perfect on external monitor when the lid is closed w/o been plugged in. God bless you! 24.02.2022

  • Gabby says:

    Just got a new monitor and need you to know that even in 2022, your article has been the most helpful to get me all set up with clamshell mode using the Amphetamine app 🙂 Thanks!

  • macosdudelol says:

    RIP my battery is half dead already 🙁 and I just found out that leaving it plugged in killed the battery. Still I’m grateful for coming across this article, such a lifesaver. Thanks a lot

  • RG says:

    Don’t forget to set Amphetamine to start a session on logon ;). After that briljant en preventing the use of one extra cable on my desk. THANK YOU!

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