One Piece: A Complete List of Luffy’s Gears (Explained)

A quarter of a century has passed since Eiichiro Oda released the “One Piece” manga. In the shonen genre, One Piece is regarded as a game-changer since it includes amazing adventures, thrilling mysteries, incredible world-building, and so on. The characters are one of the many things that have kept One Piece dear to the fans’ hearts. Since the first episode, the anime’s main character, Monkey D. Luffy, has won our hearts with his quirkiness and powers. He possesses a vast array of talents and skills, which he has honed throughout the story. But Luffy’s Gears techniques are the most potent and well-liked among all his abilities. So, if you want to learn more about all of Luffy’s Gears, use this guide and learn more about his devil fruit-backed powers.

Spoiler Warning: This article contains spoilers of Luffy’s devil fruit, powers, and abilities. We suggest you watch the anime and read the manga first to avoid ruining your experience.

What Is Luffy’s Devil Fruit In One Piece?

An image of Luffy from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios

Monkey D. Luffy is the protagonist of the popular One Piece anime and manga. He carries the Will of D and aims to achieve three dreams – to find One Piece, to become Pirate King, and an unknown dream, which can only be achieved by becoming the pirate king. He has shared this unknown dream only with his brothers and his crewmates in the powerful “Strawhat Pirates,” which he is the captain of.

Furthermore, Luffy is currently one of the four emperors of the new world and has a bounty of 3,000,000,000 Berries (which is one of the highest bounties in One Piece).

Now, before we look at the various Gears techniques that Luffy uses, it’s important to understand where he gets his powers from. When he was 7, Luffy inadvertently ate the Gomu Gomu no Mi fruit (Gum-Gum Devil fruit) when it had “Akagami Shanks,” the legendary red-haired pirate.

Gum-Gum fruit is a paramecia-type devil fruit that gave Luffy’s body rubber-lie properties as a result. With his devil-fruit powers, Luffy can manipulate his rubbery body into various forms, which he calls “Gears.” Currently, Luffy has managed to unlock up to five gear forms, and his fifth gear is known to be his peak form. He was able to unlock Gear 5 after awakening his devil fruit.

Luffy Eating Devil Fruit
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Fandom)

Furthermore, Luffy has mastered all three forms of Haki in One Piece and awakened his devil fruit powers as well. With his unbelievable imagination, Luffy has made the best out of his devil fruit powers and can incorporate his haki too.

Major Changes in Luffy’s Devil Fruit Revealed in Manga

Snippet from One Piece
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Eiichiro Oda – Episode 1071 (IMDb)

In One Piece manga chapter 1069, it was confirmed by Dr.Vegapunk that there is no such fruit as “Gomu Gomu no Mi (Gum-Gum fruit) as there is no mention of that devil fruit, even in the oldest books and encyclopedia of devil fruits. Thus, Luffy’s original fruit name has always been Hito Hito no Mi, Model: Nika all along, and we have been tricked into thinking that it was Gomu Gomu no Mi all this time by the World Government and Oda.

Hito Hito no Mi, Model: Nika is a Mythical Zoan-type devil fruit that allows Luffy to transform into the sun god Nika and get a huge boost to his powers. This happened after Luffy awakened his devil fruit during his final battle with Kaidou and became the “Warrior of Liberation“. Luffy’s devil fruit is one of the strongest devil fruit in One Piece‘s existence right now.

Luffy’s Gears in One Piece: Powers & Abilities

Luffy made the best out of his devil fruit powers by creating various Gears techniques to fight stronger opponents. It increased his powers drastically over time in the One Piece anime. He was also able to master these forms (until Gear four) and minimize their after-effects. We have compiled a list of Luffy’s Gear techniques, describing his powers in each form and their advantages and disadvantages. That said, it’s time to dive in:

Luffy Gear 1 (Base Version)

An image of Luffy's base form from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

Technically speaking, Luffy doesn’t have a gear technique called Gear 1. There is no mention of Gear 1 throughout the anime and manga. Thus, Luffy’s base form, the usual rubbery body that he used in early episodes of the anime, can be considered “Gear 1.”

The attacks Luffy uses in his base forms start with “Gomu Gomu no…,” such as Gomu Gomu no pistol, where he pulls his stretchy arms back and forces himself forward to hit the opponent. All of Luffy’s base form attacks involve him stretching his hands or his legs to attack.

His defensive abilities naturally come to him as he is a rubber man. So, normal bullets can’t pierce through him (but those coated with haki can damage him) and lightning won’t affect him either. Luffy has over 90 attacks in Gear 1 form. He can also infuse haki here and coat his attacking parts to amplify the effectiveness of his powers in the base form.


  • The rubbery body allows him to use a wide variety of attacks as it is only limited by his imagination.
  • The rubbery body also enables a natural defense, especially against lightning and many other things.


  • It takes some time for him to stretch his body parts, which leaves Luffy vulnerable for a short duration before attacking. It can be seen that this weakness was exploited by Buggy and Kuro earlier.

Luffy Gear 2

An image of Luffy's second gear from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

Luffy first used Gear 2 in the Ennies Lobby arc (Episode 272), which is one of the best arcs in One Piece. This is one of the best gear forms we have seen. As it was the first official Gear form, it is extra special in the hearts of the fans.

Luffy was seen using this form in his fight against Blueno. So what he did was, he first pumped blood faster throughout his body to amplify the speed and strength of his attacks. This form gave Luffy’s first breakthrough in becoming a more powerful character. The pumping of blood resulted in Luffy’s skin turning red (and pinkish color) and letting out steam, which made Gear 2 look badass. Thanks to this transformation, he was able to obliterate poor Blueno.

Initially, Luffy pumped blood through his legs in Gear 2 form, but he was able to do it flawlessly in various ways after the time skip. He was even able to activate it only in selected parts of his body. Similar to his base form, Luffy says “Gomu Gomu no Jet …” before he launches an attack in Gear 2 form.

For example, Gomu Gomu no Jet pistol. Luffy was able to create a more powerful attack by combining his second gear with the armament haki. It was called “Red Hawk” by Luffy. He punched his opponent with a godly pace and force, which caused friction against the air and ignited the punch. His punch was surrounded by red-hot flames, hence, the name red hawk. It was a tribute to his brother “Fire-fist Ace.” He even used this attack against Kaidou during the raid on Onigashima.


  • He can become more faster and powerful within a short period.
  • He can also infuse his jet attacks with haki to make them more powerful.


  • The sudden increase in metabolism makes him hungrier and can even paralyze him if used for prolonged times.
  • At first, it was said that it can reduce his lifespan, but Luffy managed to diminish these side effects after the time skip.

Luffy Gear 3

An image of Luffy saying third gear from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

During the Ennies Lobby arc, the fans were treated with back-to-back new Gears techniques from Luffy in One Piece. We saw Luffy first mention Gear 3 in Episode 288, and later, it was shown in full effect in Episode 305.

Luffy uses Gear 3 in his fight against Ex-CP9 member Rob Lucci. Luffy corks his thumb in his mouth and bites it to make a small opening. Then, he blows air so hard that it inflates his arms to a gigantic size. Like the second gear, he can also use this technique in selected body parts.

This form allows Luffy to generate a more powerful attack as he has a bigger size when compared to normal. But there’s a catch here. Luffy sacrifices his mobility when using the Gear 3 technique. The attacks he uses in this form start with “Gomu Gomu no Gigant…,” and he coats his limbs with haki to produce crazy attacks like Gomu Gomu no Gigant Rifle. Luffy is able to create a plethora of attacks based on a combination of artillery and animal themes. Each is powerful and unique in its own way.

An image of Luffy's third gear from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

The Armament Haki-coated body parts also increase his defensive powers, which was evident in his fight with Fujitora. He uses it to shield his body from his attacks. Furthermore, this form made him shrink into a little kid after using it, and we saw him running from Rob Lucci in the Ennies Lobby arc. After the time skip in the story, he has better control over his Gear 3 form and has mastered it. Also, Luffy is now able to completely negate the shrinking effect.


  • Luffy can create stronger attacks with his increased mass and size.
  • It also gives Luffy a way to use the third form in his defensive duties.
  • When coated with haki, it further increased his powers.


  • During his early usage, Gear 3 shrunk him into a kid, leaving him completely vulnerable.
  • Luffy’s mobility is hindered when using this form.

Luffy Gear 4

Some of the best arcs in One Piece are remembered by fans because of the Gears transformations from Luffy. The same is the case with the Dressrosa arc (Episode 726), which gave us our first look at Luffy’s Gear 4 technique.

Luffy invoked the Gear 4 form in his fight against Donquixote Doflamingo. It was the byproduct of his two years long training at Rusukaina with Silvers Rayleigh. You can consider this as a major upgrade over the third gear. He blows into his arms and inflates his entire body and enhances his muscles.

After that, he coats these body parts with armament haki, which appear reddish black as they’re hardened. He also lets out steam as he did when using his second gear technique. This massive upgrade boosted Luffy’s attack and defensive powers to a great extent and gave birth to numerous forms. Luffy has three sub-forms for the Gear 4 technique, and he selects one depending on the situation. Let’s look at the three Gear 4 forms in detail:

1. Boundman

An image of Luffy's fourth gear: boundman from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

The first sub-form of Luffy’s fourth gear is called Boundman/Bounceman. In this form, Luffy constantly bounces off the surface, hence, that name. He has an enlarged body with his torso, arms, and legs coated with armament haki, as mentioned earlier.

Furthermore, he can retract his arms and legs inside his body, allowing him to release high-speed brutal attacks with much more power. He can also use his haki-coated body parts for defense too, as most of the attacks end up bouncing off his body. Luffy was able to do his famous python attack flawlessly against Doflamingo, Katakuri, and many more opponents in this form.

2. Tankman

An image of Luffy's fourth gear: Tankman from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

The second sub-form of Luffy’s fourth gear is called Tankman. It was seen only once in his battle against Charlotte Cracker, who is one of the three Sweet Commanders of the Big Mom Pirates in the Whole Cake Island arc.

In this arc, Luffy ate tons of biscuits from Nami (one of the best female characters in One Piece) and grew bigger in size. He then used the Gear 4 technique and ended up becoming an inflated tank. This tankman form was used when there was a huge need for defense, as it has amazing defensive capabilities. Luffy used this against Charlotte to take an incredible amount of damage and ended up knocking him out with his Gomu Gomu no Cannonball attack.

3. Snakeman

An image of Luffy's fourth gear: snakeman from One Piece.
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Crunchyroll)

The third sub-form of Luffy’s fourth gear is called Snakeman. It is seen in action during his battle against Charlotte Katakuri, who is also one of the three Sweet Commanders of the Big Mom Pirates. Luffy looked more slender in this form when compared to the other two. The armament haki is concentrated only on his forearms, legs, and his torso — and not the entire body.

The Snakeman form allowed Luffy to land the fastest attacks as this form boosted his speed. But he had to sacrifice his ultimate defensive capabilities, which were the highlights of the other two Gear 4 sub-forms. Luffy can even change the direction of his attacks at any time in this form (which was seen in boundman form as well). This attack was called Python by Luffy and gave him more freedom to attack from every possible direction and to counter Katakuri’s observation haki.


  • The Boundman form gave Luffy more stability, enabling him to balance his attacking and defensive duties.
  • The Tankman form made Luffy into an indestructible tank, which allowed him to take a great amount of damage.
  • The Snakeman form allowed Luffy to attack a lot faster and change the direction of his attacks.
  • The gear fourth gave Luffy another major breakthrough in his powers as it greatly increased his attack and defensive capabilities.


  • Over-powered haki users can easily break the defense of Luffy’s boundman and tankman forms. For example, Kaidou destroyed Luffy’s Gear 4 forms in the Wano arc recently.
  • Luffy’s Snakeman heavily lacks defensive abilities and Katakuri exploited this to deal tons of damage to Luffy.
  • Luffy won’t be able to use haki again for 10 minutes after using gear fourth. His body suffers greatly as a result of using the fourth gear.

Luffy Gear 5

Luffy in Gear 5 form
Image Courtesy – One Piece by Eiichiro Oda – Episode 1071 (IMDb)

The most unexpected and hyped gear technique in Luffy’s arsenal was revealed in the One Piece manga recently. As you read above, the last time we saw Luffy unleash a new gear technique was during the Dressrosa and Whole Cake Island arcs. It has been a long time indeed, but the wait was worth every minute, as we finally got to witness Luffy’s Gear 5 technique in action. We have explained everything about Luffy’s new Gear 5 technique in the guide linked here.

Luffy’s Gear 5 form was first shown during the climax of the Wano Country arc in manga chapter 1044 and episode 1071. It was revealed in his final battle with Kaidou on the rooftop of Onigashima. Luffy created his latest Gear technique with the awakening of his devil fruit. He was able to transform into the sun god Nika, revealing the true powers of his devil fruit.

With this technique, not only did his powers level up, but Luffy’s appearance also got a major upgrade with his clothes, hair, eyebrows, and other things turning white. His eyes now have a red shine in his peak form. Further, Luffy was able to bend reality with his upgraded Gear 5 powers in this form. Like the toon force power, he has the complete freedom to do anything according to his imagination as he can freely change the shape and size of his body and use all the types of haki freely too.


  • Luffy’s fifth gear gave him the biggest power upgrade he has ever had until now
  • Currently, it is the best and peak form of Luffy’s powers and he can do literally anything
  • He can easily use other gears in a faster way
  • He can infuse armament and conqueror’s haki at the same time
  • He can create more devastating attacks which are limited only by his imagination
  • The rubber properties of his body help vastly in defense for him now
  • He can alter the surroundings and environment around him


  • It uses a lot of Luffy’s energy and leaves him completely drained out (due to inexperience).

Luffy’s Different Gears and Forms in One Piece

That’s everything you need to know about Luffy’s Gears techniques and his powers in One Piece. We hope we were able to explain each and every gear in Luffy’s arsenal in a clear and concise manner. In this guide, we have also mentioned the powers and abilities of Luffy’s latest Gear 5 technique and the awakening of his (actual) devil fruit. The day Luffy’s Gear 5 episode airs, it will break the internet and viewership records for sure. [UPDATE], it did shatter the internet and the records. Also, which is your favorite Luffy gear technique and why? Do let us know in the comments below.

Luffy’s Gears Frequently Asked Questions

How many Gears does Luffy have?

Luffy can use a total of 7 Gears techniques in One Piece. These include Gear 1, Gear 2, Gear 3, three forms of Gear 4, and the newest Gear 5 technique. Luffy has only grown in power with each successive Gear technique, with Gear 4 making him more defensive and agile in different forms and Gear 5 literally turning him into the sun god Nika.

Will Luffy have a Gear 5?

Yeah! Luffy has unlocked the much-awaited Gear 5 technique during his battle with Kaidou in the Wano Country Arc, and it will be animated in the coming weeks.

What is Luffy’s most powerful Gear?

Currently, Luffy’s fifth gear is his most powerful gear as it is mentioned that it is his peak form. In this form, Luffy awakens the true powers of his devil fruit and transforms into the sun god Nika. His appearance gets a major upgrade with his clothes, hair, eyebrows, and other things changed to white and his eyes scarlet red.

Will there be a Gear 6 Luffy?

As of now, the answer is no. Luffy has unlocked 5 Gear techniques, with Gear 5 being his peak form. There exists no Gear 6 technique at the moment. But we hope that Luffy will be able to level up the Gear 5 technique to surprise us with a new Gear 6 form in the final saga of One Piece.

What color is Gear 5 Luffy?

Luffy’s primary color in his gear fifth is white. When he turns into the sun god Nika, Luffy’s clothes, hair, eyebrows, and other things turn white and his eyes turn red in color.

How many Haki can Luffy use?

Luffy has mastered all three types of haki, including Armament, Observation, and Conqueror’s haki. He can use them all easily in his battles against the mightiest opponents.

comment Comments 1
  • Roronoa Zoro says:

    Bro haki can be used in any form so base luffy is actually multiple times stronger now with conqueror coating, advanced armament and observation

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