- The main section of the wheat farm consists of a crop farm with a farmer villager harvesting the fully matured wheat.
- Below the crop farm, there is a hopper minecart rail track, which collects all the wheat and stores it inside a chest.
- Wheat can be used in several crafting recipes or as food for livestock animals.
Wheat is one of those items in Minecraft that you cannot get enough of. It’s not only used in several crafting recipes but also helps feed livestock animals. Hence, having lots of wheat in your inventory can’t hurt. We have already covered lots of amazing farm designs, and today, we will be adding one more to the growing collection with this wheat farm. Get ready, as we are about to teach you how to make an automated wheat farm in Minecraft.
Resources You Need to Make a Wheat Farm
In this guide, we will make only an automated wheat farm. If a manual farm suits your needs better, follow our guide on how to grow crops in Minecraft, where we show you a simple way to farm crops without automation.
With that out of the way, let’s look at all the items you need for an automated wheat farm:
- 1 Villager
- 38 Powered Rails
- About 45 Regular Rails
- 11 Redstone Torches
- 1 Redstone Comparator
- 1 Redstone Repeater
- 2 Redstone Dust
- 2 Hoppers
- 2 Chests
- 1 Hopper Minecart
- 81 Dirt
- Some Solid Blocks
- 1 of any full Light Source Blocks (Jack o’Lantern in the guide)
- 1 Water Bucket
- 1 Composter
- 8 Trapdoors (any)
- About 592 Wheat Seeds (a little over 9 stacks)
- 1 Stone Hoe (at least)
- Glass Blocks (optional)
Make an Automated Wheat Farm in Minecraft
When you gather the needed resources, follow the steps below to make a wheat farm. This is a pretty small farm, but you can easily expand it if you need more resources than it provides.
1. Collection System
- Wall off a 9×9 block area with a one-block tall wall of your building blocks.
- In the center of the 9×9 area, dig out a one-block wide, 9 blocks long, and a two-blocks deep hole that starches from one end to the other. Place 9 redstone torches in that hole.
- Then, place dirt blocks on top of the redstone torches, making the area flat again.
- Go to one corner of the area and place the powered rail facing into one of the blocks. Connect it with a couple of regular rails in Minecraft.
- After that, place four powered rails leading to the other end. You should see them get powered, thanks to the redstone torches below.
- Then, round the corner with more regular rails. When you reach the block next to the powered rails, start placing them instead of the regular ones, so 4 more powered rails. You should then alternate between regular and powered rails so that powered rails are all side by side in groups of 4 connected ones.
- When you reach the end, make sure that there is one powered rail facing towards the solid block. Dig a two block deep hole under it and place a redstone torch. Then cover the hole with a dirt block and place the powered rail above it. It should stay permanently powered.
- You can probably use fewer powered rails, just make sure that the hopper minecart can travel without stopping.
2. Drop-off Station
- Let’s now make a little comparator system that will stop the minecart if it has contents inside.
- First, temporarily break the non-activated powered rail on one end. Place a hopper under that spot, so it faces into another hopper that is connected to a chest.
- Place the powered rail on top of the first hopper, so it’s connected to the rest of the rails, like at the beginning.
- Then, dig a two-block long, one-block wide, and one-block deep hole next to the hopper that has a powered rail on top of it.
- Place a comparator reading the hopper’s content and a redstone repeater attached to it, facing into a solid block.
- If you’d like to stay organized, replace all the surrounding blocks with non-natural blocks, so you don’t break the redstone by mining the area. It’s okay if you leave it as just dirt or grass.
- After that, place a redstone torch on top of the block the repeater is facing into it and then another solid block above the torch.
- Then, cover the comparator and the repeater with two solid blocks and place redstone dust on top of them. The powered rail should be powered immediately.
- Every time the hopper below the powered rail has contents it’ll stop the minecart from moving, allowing it to drop all the items it collected.
- Put the hopper minecart on one powered rail, and it will start circling the farm and picking up all the drops.
3. Main Part of the Wheat Farm
- Then, place dirt all over the rails.
- Then, surround the whole dirt platform with a two-block tall wall. You can use glass blocks, so you can peek at the farm.
- Break the dirt block in the center of the farm. Then, place water in that hole while looking at a dirt block. This is very important, so you don’t place the water the wrong way. The rail below shouldn’t get waterlogged and the water is contained.
- After that, place a composter above the water, with the help of a temporary block on the side. Also, place a jack o’lantern above the composter.
- Then, use the hoe to turn all the dirt blocks around into tilled soil. You’ll need at least a stone hoe for this.
- The next step is to plant your wheat seeds.
4. Setting Up the Villager
We are almost done constructing the wheat farm. All that’s left is to bring an unemployed villager inside the farm. They’ll become a farmer and get ready to harvest all the wheat.
- To stop the villager from picking up wheat, we have to fill their inventory with seeds.
- Villagers have 8 hidden inventory slots and will not be able to pick up wheat if their inventory is full.
- This will allow the hopper minecart below to collect the wheat and all the extra wheat seeds.
- Simply, walk up to the farmer and press Ctrl + Q, so you can throw out full stacks of wheat seeds. You may want to do this before you put the villager in the farm, or temporarily disable the minecart, by unpowering the rail.
Moreover, if you don’t have enough seeds, you can use the fortune Minecraft enchantment to get extra seeds per harvest.
The villager will walk up to the composter every once in a while and make bone meal from these seeds. If this keeps happening, the villager will easily run out of seeds and start picking up the wheat.
So, to prevent this, surround the jack o’lantern with trapdoors at the top half. This will stop the villager from getting close to the composter.
A great sign that the farm is functioning properly is when the villager leaves seeds on the ground. This means they cannot pick them up as their inventory constantly gets refilled.
If you ever notice that the farm is not working, the reason may be that the villager started running out of seeds and therefore started picking up wheat. So, fill their inventory with seeds again.
Why Should You Make a Wheat Farm?
Wheat is a multi-functional and rather important item in Minecraft. It can be used to craft bread, one of the easiest to get food items early game. Moreover, it’s also food for certain animals such as cows and sheep.
You can breed these animals and get an even better source of food and other relevant items such as leather and wool. Wheat is also used in crafting hay bales, wonderful decorative blocks that are also food for the horses and llamas.
In addition, if wheat is combined with mud in the crafting table, you can make packed mud. This already great building block can then be turned into mud bricks. It’s is a fairly amazing block that goes great in the block pallets with terracotta and jungle wood.
If you reached the end of this guide, congrats! You now know how to farm wheat. Wheat is a pretty useful item, so making a farm for it in Minecraft can only help you in the long run. With that said, what do you think about this farm? Did it help you in your world? Tell us and all of our readers in the comments below!
Technically, no. The wheat doesn’t have to be exposed to the sky, but the crops do need light to grow. So, placing torches or any other light source block that you want inside the wheat farm will ensure that crops keep growing.
No, the crops won’t grow if a chunk they’re in is not loaded. So, you need to stay in an area around the wheat farm for it to work.
The crops grow faster if the farmland they’re planted on is hydrated. However, if that farmland already has a water source block nearby that keeps it moist, the rain doesn’t actually do anything. Only in the case of your farmland not being hydrated does the rain speed up the growth process. Though it’s not really a good idea to wait for rain to hydrate the farmland when you can do it yourself with a bucket and infinite water source.