Despite the fact that the Indian government has backtracked on its 2030 electric vehicle mission, a number of automobile manufacturers in the country are pushing forward towards an all-electric future and have started releasing a slew of electric and hybrid vehicles in the country. While the list of electric vehicles is still a bit too short with just two cars currently available in the market, there are quite a few options to choose from when it comes to hybrids vehicles. If you’re currently in the market for an electric car or are considering it as a viable option for a future purchase, here’s a list of all the electric cars available in India, along with a few electric vehicles that are expected to be launched soon and a list of all the hybrid vehicles you can buy right now:
Electric Cars Available in India (August 2018)
1. Mahindra e2o Plus
The Mahindra e2o Plus, which is the direct successor of yesteryear’s Reva-i, is a compact four-door all electric hatchback which is powered by a 19KW motor that draws juice from a 48-cell 11KWhr lithium-ion battery. Mahindra Electric claims that the car can run 110kms on a single charge, with the top-end variant boasting a range of 140kms, thanks to a bigger 15KWhr lithium-ion battery. In order to combat range anxiety, Mahindra has also included a patented ‘Revive’ feature which will give users an additional 5km range in case they run out of charge in the middle of a commute.
The battery pack on the Mahindra e2o Plus takes about 6 hours to charge to 100 percent for the base variant, while the top-end variant with the bigger battery will take about 7 hours and 20 minutes to reach 100 percent, using the included 3KW single phase 16A charger. Mahindra also offers a 10KW 3 phase 32A fast charger, which can be purchased separately with the top-end variant, that charges the battery to 100 percent in just over an hour and a half. The Mahindra e2o Plus is available in three variants – P4, P6, and P8 – with the top-end variants featuring an Android-powered touch screen console for entertainment and navigation. The car can accelerate from 0-60kmph in 14.1 seconds and has a top speed of 80kmph.
Price: Rs. 7.57-11.27 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
2. Mahindra eVerito
The Mahindra eVerito is an all-electric version of the company’s four-door Verito sedan which is powered by a 31KW motor and a 69-cell 13.91KWhr lithium-ion battery. Much like the e2o Plus, the eVerito boasts of a 110km range, with the top-end variant going up to 140kms due to the bigger 18.55KWhr lithium-ion battery. Mahindra has also included the patented ‘Revive’ feature with the eVerioto, however, in this case the company offers an addition 8km range in case the driver runs out of juice in the middle of a commute.
Charging the 13.91KWhr battery packs takes around 8 hours and 30 minutes using the included charger, with the bigger 18.55KWhr battery taking around 11 hours and 30 minutes to charge. With the fast charger that’s sold separately, you’ll be able to charge up to 80 percent in just under one and a half hours for the regular battery and one and a half hours for the bigger battery. The Mahindra eVerito is currently available in four variants – C2, D2, D4, and D6 – with all but the lowest variant featuring the bigger battery pack. The electric sedan can accelerate from 0-60kmph in 10.7 seconds and has a top speed of 86kmph.
Price: Rs. 9.5-10 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
Upcoming Electric Cars in India
1. Tata Nano Electric
Earlier this month reports revealed that Tata Motors is supplying Nano body shells to Jayem Automobiles which has sparked speculations that the companies will soon launch an electric version of the popular people’s car. The Tata Nano Electric, which is also being referred to as the Jayem Neo, is expected to start shipping sometime later this year, however, the first batch of 400 cars will be delivered to cab aggregator Ola on the day of launch.
As of now, we don’t know the exact specifications of the Tata Nano Electric, but it’s speculated that the car will be powered by a 48-volt electric motor and will offer a range of 200km on a single charge. It is also speculated that the Tata Nano Electric will be launched at around Rs. 5 lakh, which will make it the cheapest electric car in the Indian market.
2. Tata Tiago Electric
The pre-production version of the Tata Tiago Electric made its debut at the Delhi Auto Expo earlier this year, featuring a liquid-cooled 85KW motor which will give the car a top speed of 135kmph. The upcoming electric car will do 0-100kmph in under 11 seconds and will offer a range of over 100km on a single charge.
While previously, the Tata Tiago Electric was scheduled to launch sometime in 2020, the company seems to have changed its mind and the car is expected to hit Indian roads later this year. In terms of pricing, the Tata Tiago Electric could be priced anywhere between Rs. 8-10 lakh, which will make a strong competitor to Mahindra’s eVerito sedan.
3. Tata Tigor Electric
While you might spot a Tata Tigor Electric in the wild today, the company is currently only selling the electric variant of the Tigor directly to the state-run Energy Efficiency Service Limited (EESL). However, recent reports suggest that the company is mulling over plans to bring it to private buyers sometime in 2019, which is great news for the electric vehicle ecosystem in the country.
The current variant of the Tata Tigor Electric which is sold to the government is powered by a 29.8KW motor which promises up to 100km range on a single charge. Tata is currently selling the car to the government for Rs. 10.5 lakh, but since this doesn’t factor in GST, the Tigor Electric for private buyers may be priced a bit higher.
4. Mahindra eKUV
Mahindra debuted the electric variant of its compact SUV, the KUV100, at the 2018 Auto Expo earlier this year. The Mahindra eKUV is powered by a 30KW motor, the same motor which powers Mahindra’s eVerito sedan, and is expected to have a range of 140km.
As of now, the company hasn’t revealed any further information about the upcoming eKUV100, but it’s speculated that the car will be launched in the Indian market by the end of next year and will carry a price tag of around Rs. 8 lakh.
Hybrid Cars Available in India (July 2018)
While there aren’t many all-electric options in the country to choose from, if you’re looking to buy a ‘greener’ car then you can go for one from the vast selection of hybrid cars available in the market today. Here’s a list of all the hybrid vehicles available in the country right now:
1. Maruti Suzuki Ertiga SHVS
The Maruti Suzuki Ertiga SHVS is a mild hybrid variant of the company’s Ertiga MUV which makes use of Maruti’s smart hybrid vehicle system (SHVS) to assist the 1.2-liter diesel engine while the car starts to move and regenerates power when the car is coasting, braking or idling. The SHVS system implemented in the Ertiga increases the car’s mileage, while decreasing the overall carbon footprint by a small fraction.
Price: Rs. 9.58 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
2. Toyota Camry Hybrid
The Toyota Camry Hybrid is a luxury sedan from the Japanese manufacturer which is powered by a 2.5-liter four-cylinder petrol engine, coupled with a 6.5Ahr Nickel-metal hydride battery pack. The hybrid system on the Camry features a permanent magnet synchronous motor rated at a max voltage of 650V, which can deliver a maximum output of 151kW in the Eco and EV modes. The hybrid system reduces fuel consumption and increases the car’s mileage to 19.16kmpl, which is pretty great for a luxury sedan.
Price: Rs. 37.22 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
3. Toyota Prius
One of the best selling hybrids in the world, the Toyota Prius, is also available in the Indian market. Much like the Prius sold in the international markets, the Indian variant is a four-door coupe with a sloping roofline and a futuristic design. The car is powered by a 1.8-liter four cylinder petrol engine paired with a permanent magnet synchronous motor which offers a max output of 53kW. The motor is powered by a 6.5Ah Nickel-metal hydride battery which assists the internal combustion engine to increase mileage and decrease the car’s carbon footprint. Thanks to the hybrid system, the Toyota Prius offers an extended mileage of 23.91kmpl, which results in greater savings on fuel costs.
Price: Rs. 45.09 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
4. Lexus ES 300h
The Lexus ES 300h is a mid-size luxury sedan which is powered by a four cylinder 2.5-liter petrol engine, coupled with a permanent magnet synchronous motor and a sealed nickel-metal hydride battery which offers a total max output of 151kW. The highly efficient hybrid system on the Lexus ES 300h reduces its CO2 emissions to just 132g/km, offering a mileage of 17.8kmpl. The Lexus ES 300h is a regenerative hybrid, which charges the battery while the car is braking, coasting or idling, and utilizes the power from the battery to assist the petrol engine.
Price: Rs. 59.46 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
5. Lexus LS 500h
Unlike the ES 300h, the Lexus LS 500h is a full-size premium sedan which is powered by a 3.5-liter V6 petrol engine coupled with two electric motors which power the car at the same time to offer instant torque and surprising acceleration. At low speeds, the EV drive mode on the LS 500h makes use of the electric motor exclusively to offer a silent and zero-emission drive. The battery on the LS 500h charges using a regenerative braking system, which produces power when the car is braking or decelerating. As expected, the hybrid system improves the car’s mileage to 15.4kmpl, which is pretty great for a car of this caliber.
Price: Rs. 1.82 Crore (ex-showroom Delhi)
6. Lexus RX 450h
The Lexus RX 450h is a mid-size luxury crossover which offers the comfort of a sedan in the body of a compact SUV. The RX 450h is powered by a 3.5-liter V6 petrol engine, augmented by the Lexus Hybrid Drive system which draws power from both the electric and petrol motors at the same time. The hybrid system on the RS 450h features two permanent magnet synchronous motors offering a max output of 123kw (front) and 50kW (rear) which drain a nickel-metal hydride battery rated at 288V. The efficient hybrid system on the RX 450h gives the car a mileage of 18.8kmpl while reducing CO2 emissions to just 122g/km.
Price: Rs. 1.29 Crore (ex-showroom Delhi)
7. Lexus NX 300h
Another great hybrid offering from Lexus is the NX 300h compact luxury SUV which is powered by a 2.5-liter petrol engine coupled with two permanent magnet synchronous motors that offer a max output of 105kW (front) and 50kW (rear). Much like the rest of the Lexus hybrids, the NX 300h also makes use of a nickel-metal hydride battery which has 204 cells. The regenerative hybrid system on the Lexus NX 300h assists the engine and improves the car’s mileage to 18.3kmph, while reducing CO2 emissions to 139g/km.
Price: Rs. 54.78 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
8. Honda Accord Hybrid
The Honda Accord Hybrid features a Sport Hybrid iMMD (Intelligent Multi-mode Drive) two motor hybrid system coupled with a 2-liter i-VTEC engine. The electric motors in the Accord Hybrid are powered by a 1.3kWh lithium-ion battery which can deliver a total output of 215 PS and improves the overall fuel efficiency to 23.1kmpl. The Accord Hybrid also makes use of a regenerative system to charge the battery when the car is decelerating, braking or idling, and makes use of the electric motor to give it instant torque as it starts moving from idle.
Price: Rs. 43.21 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
9. Volvo XC90 T8 Plug-In Hybrid
The Volvo XC90 T8, unlike most other hybrids on this list, is a plug-in hybrid which you can charge much like you would charge an all-electric car. The XC90 T8 is powered by a 2-liter four cylinder petrol engine along with an 87hp electric motor that offer a combined output of 407hp. The car has an all-electric range of 40km and can reach from 0-100kmph in just 5.8 seconds. The battery on the Volvo XC90 T8 can be charged using a 110V or a 240V power outlet, with the former charging the battery in 12 hours and the latter only taking 6 hours to reach 100 percent charge. Along with the car, Volvo will be providing users with two charging stations at no additional cost which can be installed in their preferred locations. The dedicated charging stations are capable of charging the battery in just 2.5 hours and the XC90 T8 also has a regenerative braking system to charge the battery.
Price: Rs. 96.65 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi)
10. BMW i8
The BMW i8 is a plug-in hybrid sports car which is powered by a 1.5-liter internal combustion engine which powers the rear axle paired with an electric motor that generated 131 PS of power for the front axle. Thanks to the highly efficient plug-in hybrid system, BMW claims that the i8 can offer a fuel efficiency of 47.45kmpl, while limiting CO2 emissions to 50.36g/km. The exceptional fuel efficiency is also a result of the i8’s body, which is made up of a light carbon fiber. The BMW i8 can accelerate from 0-100kmph in just 4.4 seconds and can reach a top speed of 250kmph. The BMW i8 has a maximum range of 550km on a full tank, but it can also go up to 36.08 km running exclusively on the electric motor. The battery in the BMW i8 can be charged up to 80 percent in just 2.5 hours using a 12A charger and in just 2 hours using a 16A charger.
Price: Rs. 2.62 Crore (ex-showroom Delhi)
Electric Cars: Paving the Way For a Cleaner Future
Even though it may take some time for India to go all-electric, it’s an accepted truth that electric vehicles are the future and the country needs to change in order to preserve natural resources and work towards a cleaner, greener future for the coming generations. While currently there aren’t many all-electric options to choose from, the Indian automobile landscape is swiftly changing and we expect more automobile manufacturers to release all-electric cars in the market. Until then, if you’re in the market for a new car, you can choose from the aforementioned list of electric or hybrid cars and do your part to ensure that the future isn’t all that bleak.